The University of Nottingham
Division of Psychiatry & Applied Psychology
School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences
Title of Project: Green-Eyed Scrolling: Envy, Social Media Exposure, and Online Aggressive Behaviour in an Adult Population
Researcher: Lucy Sumarno
Supervisor: Dr Simon Duff
Ethics Reference Number: 225
This is an invitation to take part in a research study about Envy and Social Media Exposure, and the effect they have on Online Behaviour. This information is designed to tell you what it will involve.
Your participation is voluntary, and you may change your mind about being involved, or decline to answer a particular question without giving a reason. You are free to withdraw at any point before or during the study. As the study will be anonymous, once you have finished the questionnaire and submitted your answers it will not be possible to withdraw the data unless you take note of your unique ID number and provide it to the researcher.
What is the project about?
The aim of this study is to further understand Online Aggressive Behaviour and the factors that can contribute to it in an adult population. We are looking at how people behave online and how experiencing envy, self-control and aggression relate to this. Envy can be defined as the emotion that occurs when someone lacks another’s superior quality, achievement or possession and they either desire it or wish that the other lacked it. Aggression can be defined as thoughts (e.g. hostile), emotions (e.g. anger), and behavior (e.g. Verbal and Physical Aggression) that are intended to cause harm to another person. Self Control can be defined as a person’s ability to control their self, in particular to their emotions and desires, in response to different environmental and situational events.
We would also like to investigate whether exposure to Internet / Social Media websites effects how a person feels and behaves online. Our research aims to explore further these areas of Envy, Aggression, Self-Control and Social Media Exposure and their relationship with Online Aggressive Behaviour because there is currently little research into what factors influence how an adult behaves online.
Who is being asked to take part, and why?
You are being invited to take part because you are aged 18 or over and have followed this link on a social media website, internet forum, or on other survey websites. We are inviting as many as possible participants like you to take part.
Do I have to take part?
It is up to you to decide whether or not to take part. If you do decide to take part, should you wish you may print of a copy of this information webpage, and click to continue to go through a consent webpage. If you decide to take part, you are still free to withdraw from the study at any time and without giving a reason. This would not affect your legal rights.
What will I be asked to do?
Once you have read this information sheet you will have an understanding of the nature and purpose of the research. If you decide to continue, you will click to continue and you will be presented with a consent webpage where you are asked if you wish to continue in order to participate in the study. Once consent has been given you will be presented with questionnaires to complete. There are a total of 71 items in this research study. It is expected that this will take you 10-20 minutes to complete but this time depends on how quickly you read and answer the questions. The questionnaire is not timed and you are encouraged to read the questions carefully. You are also asked to ‘share’ the link to the research in order to help more people to have the opportunity to decide if they want to take part in the research.
What are the possible disadvantages and risks of taking part?
You may not like the questions asked in the questionnaire or you may not wish to disclose your opinions on the topics covered. If you feel at any time during the questionnaire that you do not want to continue then you may withdraw from the study at any point. You are also able to contact the researcher at any point on the email address provided below. There may be some questions of a sensitive nature, if you have any concerns over these questions you can contact the researcher on the contact details provided or any of the organisations listed at the end of this information sheet to access support if needed.
With any online related activity, the risk of a breach is always possible. We will do everything possible to ensure your answers in this study will remain anonymous. We will minimize any risks by ensuring no identifiable information will be collected such as name, age or IP address.
Will the research be of any personal benefit to me?
We cannot promise that you will experience any direct benefits from taking part in this study but the information we get from this study may help researchers and others in understanding what factors can contribute to online behaviour. This could help shape future interventions and the development of preventative measures to address unwanted and problematic online behaviour.
What will happen to the information I provide?
We will follow ethical and legal practice and all information about you will be handled in confidence. All information that is collected about you during the course of the research will be kept strictly confidential. It will be stored securely and on a password-protected computer. As with all information collected online there is a data trail, we will not be collecting information about IP addresses and therefore will not be able to identify your data from the network you have accessed to complete the study.
Your name will not be asked for during the study and therefore your participation is anonymous. You have the option of creating a unique ID number which will start with the 1st letter of your favourite country, your year of birth, and the first two letters of your favourite food. (For example : France, 1977 and Pizza would form the Unique ID Number F77PI). The information you provide will be viewed by the researchers. It may be viewed by other authorised individuals at the University of Nottingham who may check that the study is being carried out correctly. All will have a duty of confidentiality to you as a research participant and we will do our best to meet this duty.
All research data will be kept securely for 7 years. After this time your data will be disposed of securely. During this time all precautions will be taken by all those involved to maintain your confidentiality, as you will not be identifiable in the data set.
We would like encourage you to have a role in helping keep information confidential. We would ask if possible that you use your own personal media device with passwords and some level of security/virus protection. You are also asked to consider your own environment and are encouraged to undertake the research in a place where you are not overlooked by others.
What will you do with the data?
It is hoped that the results of the research will be published in scientific journals or communicated in presentations. Participants will not be identified in any publication, as your participation is anonymous. Participants will be able to obtain a summary of findings once the research project is complete. This is likely to be at the end of 2017. Please contact the lead researcher using the contact details provided below to request the results.
We would also like to seek your consent so that your information/data can stored and used in possible future research – this is optional but will be useful for future research (please indicate you agree to this on the consent form on the next page). Your data will be stored anonymously. Some of these future studies may be carried out by researchers other than Lucy Sumarno and Dr Simon Duff, who are responsible for this research study, this could include other staff and students based at the University of Nottingham or researchers working for commercial companies. As the data is anonymised, you will not be identified in any way. If you do not agree to this your data will not be used in other studies
If you have any questions or concerns, please don’t hesitate to ask. We can be contacted before and after your participation at the above address.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR PARTICIPATION
If you have any queries or complaints about this study, please contact the student’s supervisor in the first instance. If this does not resolve the query to your satisfaction, please write to the Administrator to the Division of Psychiatry & Applied Psychology’s Research Ethics Committee (MS-DPAPEthics@nottingham.ac.uk, +44 (0)115 8232214) who will pass your query to the Chair of the Committee