Participant Information Sheet

We would like to invite you to take part in our research study. Before you decide we would like you to understand why the research is being done and what it would involve for you. The research will be conducted online at first, so if you have any queries please do not hesitate to email the researcher at  Please feel free to ask about anything that is not clear.

What is the purpose of the study?

The purpose of the study is to compare women’s experiences and opinions about indecent exposure. You are being invited to take part because you have clicked on the study’s advertisement, you are over 16, and you are female. We need to test at least 128 participants like you to take part in the study to be sure our results are reliably showing an effect or not.  Research in this area may help to aid a greater understanding of the impact of indecent exposure on its victims.  It will allow professionals to be informed about why individuals may report indecent exposure as a crime or why they choose not to.  Furthermore, it will help to unearth how indecent exposure is perceived as an offence.

Do I have to take part?

It is up to you to decide whether or not to take part.  If you do decide to take part you will be asked to read an online consent form, and tick a box to show that you and agree to take part.  If you decide to take part, you are still free to withdraw from the study at any time whilst you are answering the online questionnaire. This would not affect your legal rights.

What will happen to me if I take part?

After reading this information sheet, you will be presented with a consent statement.  This consent statement requires you to agree to its conditions if you are to take part in the study.  After you have agreed to this consent, you will be presented with a demographic questionnaire, followed by an online questionnaire that you should answer as truthfully as possible.  You will be presented with a series of vignettes, and asked a number of questions about each one.  You may find some of these vignettes upsetting or unpleasant to read.  These will take approximately 20 to 30 minutes to complete.  After you have completed this, you will be presented with a debrief sheet detailing further information about the study and other organisations and support agencies relevant to the study.  You may also be given the opportunity to leave your email address in order to be contacted about participating in an online or face-to-face interview with the researcher.

Expenses and inconvenience allowance

Participants will not be paid to participate in the study.

What are the possible disadvantages and risks of taking part?

It is not expected that there will be any disadvantages or risks associated with taking part in the study.  If you have any feelings of distress from participating in the study, you will be offered extra support from the researcher.  You may choose to not take part in or leave the study at any point. 

What are the possible benefits of taking part?

We cannot promise that the study will help you, but the information we get from this study may help other professionals and researchers to look at women’s understanding of indecent exposure, and its effects on individuals.

What if there is a problem?

If you have a concern about any aspect of this study, you should ask to speak to the researchers who will do their best to answer your questions.  The researchers contact details are given at the end of this information sheet. If you remain unhappy and wish to complain formally, you should then contact the Research Ethics Committee Administrator, c/o The University of Nottingham, School of Medicine Education Centre, B Floor, Medical School, Queen’s Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham University Hospitals, Nottingham, NG7 2UH.  E-mail:

Will my taking part in the study be kept confidential?

We will follow ethical and legal practice and all information about you will be handled in confidence.

If you join the study, some parts of  the data collected for the study will be looked at by authorised persons from the University of Nottingham who are organising the research. They may also be looked at by authorised people to check that the study is being carried out correctly. All will have a duty of confidentiality to you as a research participant and we will do our best to meet this duty.

All information which is collected about you during the course of the research will be kept strictly confidential, stored in a secure and locked office, and on a password protected database.  Any information about you which leaves the institution will have your name and address removed (anonymised) and a unique code will be used so that you cannot be recognised from it. 

Your personal data will be kept for 1 year after the end of the study so that we are able to contact you about the findings of the study (unless you advise us that you do not wish to be contacted).  All research data will be kept securely for 7 years and anonymised.  After this time your data will be disposed of securely.  During this time all precautions will be taken by all those involved to maintain your confidentiality, only members of the research team will have access to your personal data.

All of the information that is collected from you will be kept confidential, stored securely and on a computer with password protection.  All information will be anonymous and you will only be identifiable by a unique code.  You do not have to give your name or any other personal details to the researcher at any point unless you want to be contacted about the progress of the study.

The researcher and the researcher’s supervisor will have access to any data you provide.  Other authorised individuals at the University of Nottingham may view this data to check that the study is being carried out correctly.  All of these individuals have a duty of confidentiality to you.

What will happen if I don’t want to carry on with the study?

Your participation is voluntary and you are free to withdraw at any time, without giving any reason.  However the information collected so far cannot be erased and may still be used in the project analysis.  This is because once the data has been entered onto the secure computer system it has been made anonymous.  The data analysis draws together information provided by all participants, therefore it becomes impractical to extract and remove individual data from the system.

What will happen to the results of the research study

After the study has been completed, it will be written up as part of the researcher’s PhD research project, and may be submitted for publication to an academic journal.    Participants can contact the researcher if they want more information about the study, for example, a summary of the results.  You will not be identified in any form of results, dissertation or publication.

Who is organising and funding the research?

This research is being organised by the University of Nottingham.  The study is not funded.

Who has reviewed the study?

All research in the University of Nottingham is looked at by independent group of people, called a Research Ethics Committee, to protect your interests. This study has been provisionally reviewed and given a favourable opinion by the University of Nottingham’s Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences’ research ethics committee.

Further information and contact details

Researcher’s name: Julia Langley

Researcher’s e-mail address:


Supervisor’s name: Dr Simon Duff

Supervisor’s e-mail address:

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