Study information & consent

Information for Participants

Weaning style and the family diet

We would like to invite you to participate in this original research project being carried out by the University of Nottingham/Sheffield Hallam University. You should only participate if you want to; choosing not to take part will not disadvantage you in any way. Before you decide whether you want to take part, it is important to understand why the research is being done and what your participation will involve. Please read the following information carefully and discuss it with others if you wish. The researcher’s details are provided at the end of the information sheet if you would like to get in touch to discuss the study further.

What is the study about?

We want to explore whether the way in which you choose to feed your baby, either by using a traditional weaning approach (starting with purees and parent-led feeding) or baby-led weaning (starting with finger foods and self-feeding) impacts on the family diet. We are also interested in why families choose to follow this particular feeding style, and whether there are any differences in nutrient intake between babies weaned in different ways. At present, there is little evidence surrounding the differences between traditional or baby-led weaning styles.

What will I have to do?

If you would like to take part, you will need to tick the consent box at the end of this form and then complete some screening questions to find out whether you and your baby are eligible to take part in the study. You will then be asked to complete a questionnaire about yourself and your baby. If you are willing to provide a telephone number, a researcher will contact you by telephone to ask you some questions about your diet and your baby's diet (the call will last ~ 10 minutes). If you would like help completing the questionnaire, please contact the lead researcher (Jo Pearce – details at the end of this page).

What are the benefits of participating in the study?

There are no direct benefits for you if you take part in this study. However, by helping us to understand if there is an impact of weaning style on the family diet may help health professionals provide more accurate and consistent advice around weaning style.

Are there any foreseeable risks to me if I participate in the research?

There are no disadvantages or risks if you take part in this study beyond those you would normally encounter at home. The questionnaire will take 15-20 minutes of your time to complete. The phone call will last 10-15 minutes and can be at a time that is convenient to you. If you experience any problems with the questionnaire, please contact Jo Pearce via the telephone number or email address at the end of this information sheet.

Are there any costs or inducements to taking part in the research?

There are no costs or inducements associated with taking part in this study.

Is participation voluntary? What should I do if I do/do not want to participate?

Participation in this study is voluntary. If you would like to take part, just click the button to indicate that you consent and you will be taken through to the survey. If you do not want to take part, do not consent to do so. You do not have to provide a reason for not completing the questionnaire.

What happens to the collected information?

All the information that you provide will be treated confidentially. Once data collection has been completed, an ID number is generated so that no one will be able to identify you. Only researchers from Sheffield Hallm University and the University of Nottingham will see the data and data will be stored electronically, adhering to the university’s data protection guidelines. We will phone you ONLY if you have indicated that you are happy for us to do this. You may withdraw from the study at any time until the data has been anonymised. After this time, it will no longer be possible to identify your data in order to withdraw it.

What are the research outputs?

Data will be used by the lead researcher and up to four students completing their final year projects at the University of Nottingham. A report will be generated for you to access and we hope to publish the findings of the survey in an academic journal. Neither you nor your baby will be identifiable from any of the research outputs.

What other sorts of people are being asked to take part, and how are they being identified/selected?

We are recruiting parents with a baby aged 6-12 months and receiving solid food. We posted this link on to a number of forums, including but not limited to: Mumsnet, Netmums, Huffpost parents UK, BabyCentre.

Privacy information for Research Participants

For information about the University’s obligations with respect to your data, who you can get in touch with and your rights as a data subject, please visit:

Why we collect your personal data

We collect personal data under the terms of the University’s Royal Charter in our capacity as a teaching and research body to advance education and learning. Specific purposes for data collection on this occasion are for 1-2 publications in an academic journal and for up to 6 student research projects.

Legal basis for processing your personal data under GDPR

The legal basis for processing your personal data on this occasion is Article 6(1a) consent of the data subject.

How long we keep your data

The University may store your data for up to 25 years and for a period of no less than 7 years after the research project finishes. The researchers who gathered or processed the data may also store the data indefinitely and reuse it in future research. Measures to safeguard your stored data include anonymization of the data once both baseline and follow up data have been collected.

Who we share your data with

Extracts of your data may be disclosed in published works that are posted online for use by the scientific community. Your data may also be stored indefinitely on external data repositories (e.g., the UK Data Archive) and be further processed for archiving purposes in the public interest, or for historical, scientific or statistical purposes. It may also move with the researcher who collected your data to another institution in the future.

Contact details

Researcher:  Jo Pearce (Senior Lecturer, Sheffield Hallam University), 0114 2255171,, c/o Sheffield Business School, Sheffield Hallam University, 38-40 Howard Street, Sheffield, S1 1WB or Amanda Avery c/o Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, LR12 5RD.

Ethics No: SBREC180129A

Complaint procedure

If you wish to discuss the way in which the research is being conducted or have any concerns about the research then in the first instance please contact Jo Pearce.

If this does not resolve the matter to your satisfaction then please contact the School’s Research Ethics Officer, Dr Kate Millar (tel. 0115 951 6303, email or write to address Kate Millar, Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, LR12 5RD. 

I consent to take part in this study Required

Please enter a valid phone number.